According to U.S. copyright law, an original work of authorship receives copyright protection from the time the work is created in a fixed form. However, when can a copyright owner sue an alleged infringer for copyright infringement? Is it sufficient that a copyright owner merely filed an application for registration with the U.S. Copyright Office or must the copyright owner wait until the Copyright Office either issues or refuses to issue a registration certificate? On May 18, 2017, the Eleventh Circuit widened the circuit split in its ruling, holding that the Copyright Office must register or refuse to register the copyright prior to the filing of a copyright infringement suit.